Conveyor system with loading, unloading and material movement


The conveyor system consist mainly three elements such as “conveyor belt support”, “pulley/roller” and “drive unit”. As per the customer requirement, the material handling unit design for transfer product from company to new factory.


For that, the “belt driven roller conveyor system” needs to design. The conveyor system consist mainly three element such as automatic belt conveyor that receive material from company’s warehouse, the roller conveyor which transfer product from company to factory and constructed over the main roadways Chavan, P. (2017).


The angle between ground level and loading belt conveyor is. The clearance between the buildings adjacent to the roadways is 6m. The clearance or vertical distance from road surface and roller conveyor is around 6 m so that it will not interrupt by transportation Brantuo, S. (2009).




The products may facility per hours:

Speed of belt conveyor = 2.5 m/s

Total length of span to receive and deliver product from company A to Company B = 18 m

The size of product 1 i.e. minimum 1m occupied over conveyor when one product transfer from company A and company B.  As considering conveyor speed, the 500 products/hours can deliver from company A to B Wang, Y. (2013).


Space Require for conveyor system:  

The company A is require for conveyor installation near to dispatch area.  By considering product size with tolerance, the space require for dispatch area is around 7 x 3 m. the detail design or sketch of spaced occupied for loading belt conveyor is provide in Appendix –B.   the space require for company –B for unloading product  is  similar to company-A for easy installation and maintenance Zhang, C. (2015).


Overhead clearance for roller conveyor across roadways:

As provided in figure, the roller conveyor passes across the roadways.  The designer ensures that the accident, collision may not occur through roller conveyor when heavy vehicle such as truck passes from that road.  Therefore, the roller conveyor needs certain height or clearance from road surface. According to survey Wan, J. (2013), the maximum truck or heavy vehicle height is around 4.5 to 5m. Therefore, the 6 m clearance between roller conveyor and roadway is suitable to avoid collision and transportation interrupt.



Support structure:

  • Lubrication oil: as per requirement of conveyor equipment.
  • Grease: as per requirement
  • Steel ladder (6 x 1 m length): for roller conveyor maintenance.
  • Steel Hand Skiver: for grip while roller conveyor maintenance.
  • Pneumatic air compressor: for dust, debris cleaning.
  • Color paint: for prevention from corrosion.
  • Steel roof over roller conveyor: protection from rain Zhu, Y. (2014).


Costing of conveyor system design:


Equipment uses for conveyor system:

Sr. No. Particular Cost
1. Construction cost 60000
2. Material cost 26470
3. Supportive structure cost 12145
4. Foundation cost 6500
5. Lubrication cost 2500
6. Maintenance cost 15625
Total cost 123240


Material Require for conveyor system:

Sr. No. Particular Quantity Material Cost ($) Total cost ($) Supplier
1. Steel square channel for conveyor structure. (50 x 50 x 1.6) 40 meter Steel 79 3160 Scott metals
2. Conveyor belt 25 meters Stainless steel 50 per meter 1250 HMB Engineering
3. Roller (40x 40 x2) 8-10 No. Steel $74 per meter 740 Scott metals
4. Pulley 6 Steel 45 per piece 270 Revolution industries
5. Steel C-channel for roller support (100 x 100 x 6) 12 meter Steel 80 per meter 960 Scott metals
6. Roof protection (1.5mm thickness) Guan, W. (2017) 6 meter Aluminum $15 per Kg 90 Atlas steel
7. Cement , Concrete for foundation 1 tones Cement and concrete 20 per kg 20000 Holcim
Total 26470



Chavan, P. (2017). Review Paper on Low Cost Conveyor Design Reduction of Weight of Conveyor System. International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology, V(III), pp.1099-1104.

Cheng, X. and Wan, J. (2013). Retractable Conveyor Control System Design Based on PLC. Advanced Materials Research, 655-657, pp.1332-1336.

Design & Development of Automatic Conveyor Controlling System for Sorting of Component on Color basis. (2016). International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 5(2), pp.1862-1866.

Guan, W. (2017). Speed Chain Conveyor Line Control System Design. DEStech Transactions on Materials Science and Engineering, (icmsme).

Temeng, V. and Brantuo, S. (2009). Design and Selection of a Belt Conveyor System for Increased Capacity. Ghana Mining Journal, 9(1).

Wang, Y. (2013). Study on Mechanical Automation with X-Ray Power Conveyor Belt Nondestructive Detection System Design. Advanced Materials Research, 738, pp.256-259.

Zhang, C. (2015). Design of Belt Conveyor Control System Based on Motion Controller. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 733, pp.710-713.

Zhao, P. and Zhu, Y. (2014). Design and Application Analysis of Coal Mine Belt Conveyor Automation System. Advanced Materials Research, 1044-1045, pp.759-762.



Conveyor System Assembly:



Space require for installation of incline conveyor (Top View):